Child Psychology

(1) In considering various forms of psychopathology researchers have often focused on the role of social and psychological variables. In recent years, however, many studies have been conducted which have investigated the role of biological factors as they relate to different forms of child/adolescent psychopathology (e.g., mental retardation, ADHD, autism, anorexia nervosa, etc.). Discuss the evidence that biological factors contribute to childhood psychopathology, focusing primarily on ADHD. In your answer, you should cite evidence related to the role of such factors in a range of disorders with “biological’ being considered in the broad sense of the word (e.g., genetic, structural, biochemical, etc.). Critically evaluate the research findings you cite. 

(2) Many social scientists have commented on the adult hypocrisy that can accompany childhood socialization.  For example, “Do as I say, not as I do” has been around for a long time.  One of the topics in this chapter is substance abuse problems among children and adolescents.  Some years ago, one of the Drug Council public service messages on television depicted a father who had caught his son in the act of using marijuana.  The father, in an agitated and incredulous tone of voice, announces: “Where did you get this?!……where did you find out about this stuff?!”  The imp replies in an anguished tone: “I learned it from YOU!!……that’s where I got it……from YOU!!” I would like for you to share how they feel about this kind of hypocrisy and how you think childhood and adolescent socialization contributes to conduct problems

Elder abuse


Elder Abuse: A Comparison Between Finland, Denmark and Sweden 

Conduct a PESTLE analysis as appropriate. 2 pages. 

• Develop SMART advocacy goals if needed.

• Identify obstacles to change. 

• Identify who can facilitate change proposed (primary, secondary, allies, and opponents).

• Explain UN agency/body is the target of your advocacy effort and why?

400 words

Topic: Group Processes


Chapter 9 of your textbook describes the process of groupthink in which the cohesiveness and solidarity of the group is given priority. What does the Bible say about conforming to this world and how might this apply to the concept of groupthink?



You can just research some information on groupthink 

research methods

2 questions, 100 words each (Due in 5 hours)

Concepts, ideas, opinions, feelings, and other intangible entities are often labeled as “insubstantial phenomena.” Select one of the following 3 phenomena that would be considered insubstantial, and explain two different ways — one qualitative and one quantitative — that you might measure it: a) the closeness of undergraduates’ social network friends; b) the “campus climate” at your university; c) “irrational exuberance” about the stock market.

In regard to quantitative research proposals, novice researchers often find it very challenging and tedious to explain in detail how the data will be analyzed and interpreted in their study. Explain why it is essential that the researcher not cut corners in this section of the proposal.

SOCW 6121 Response Wk 11



Respond to a colleague who suggested an alternative way the social worker might have evaluated the program.

Colleague : Lorraine 

Your description of the partnership between SPG and stakeholders in the community.

The partnership between SPG and the stakeholders is one that should be viewed from many sides.  SPG is in a state of transition and they are replacing individuals who have been in the SPG for years with new employees. SPG is trying to restructure the organization in an attempt to create a more efficient agency.  The stakeholders in the community see the fact that the transition was thrust upon them without transparency as a sign of an underlying agenda by the new leadership that will only benefit them (Plummer, Makris & Brocksen, 2014).

Describe alternative ways, if any, that the social worker might have evaluated the program.

An alternative way the social worker might have evaluated the program was to utilize the Systematic Multiple Level Observation of Groups (SYMLOG).  Utilizing this tool would allow the social worker to gain a clearer understanding of how the leadership and stakeholders interact, thereby allowing for a more accurate evaluation.  According to Toseland and Rivas (2017) “…SYMLOG is a method for analyzing the overt and covert behaviors of group members. With SYMLOG, a three-dimensional graphic presentation or field diagram of the interaction of group members is made. Through the field diagram, group members can analyze the way they interact with one another to improve the ability of the group to accomplish its tasks.

What are the weaknesses or threats to the validity of the evaluation results in the case study? 

The weakness or thereat to the validity of the evaluation results in the case study comes from the fact that the social worker relied on only one method of to evaluate the organization as opposed to multiple methods in order to validate her findings further.

Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen, S. M. (Eds.). (2014). Social work case studies: Concentration year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing [Vital Source e-reader]. “Working With Organizations: The Southeast Planning Group” (pp. 51–52)

Toseland, R. W., & Rivas, R. F. (2017). An introduction to group work practice (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson. Chapter 13, “Ending the Group’s Work” (pp. 395-416). Chapter 14, “Evaluation” (pp. 417-443)

Psych Essay Overview

write a 2-3-page-long essay overviewing each paper, and one paragraph of personal thoughts 

Discussion Rogerian Therapy

 Discussion Rogerian Therapy

Similar to Freud, Carl Rogers developed his theory from his extensive work with his patients. However, unlike Freud, he believed that people are typically healthy; being mentally healthy is the normal state. Although there are unhealthy people, they are not the norm or what one has to accept and live with throughout one’s life. Furthermore, Rogers believed that each person has one primary motivation—to realize his/her full potential or to be self-actualized . Finally, he posited that neurosis stems from incongruence between one’s real self and one’s ideal self. He applied this to his theory of counseling in the development of three therapeutic criteria that he felt were both necessary and sufficient to help the patient. These three qualities are now the foundation for modern person-centered therapy.

The three qualities that form the foundation of Rogerian therapy are empathy, congruence, and unconditional positive regard . These will be relatively easy to express for people you naturally like but can be difficult to express for people whom you do not like nor agree with.

Imagine that you are a psychologist working with a population of individuals that tend to be more difficult to work with, such as sex offenders, elderly patients with dementia, or mentally challenged children. Use the Internet, Argosy University library resources, and your textbook to research the concepts of Rogerian therapy and respond to the following questions: Realistically, do you think it is possible to be congruent and to extend empathy and unconditional positive regard to these clients in a psychotherapeutic context? Why or why not? How do you think clinicians practicing Rogerian therapy would approach these concepts for these clients? How might Rogerian therapy be a helpful strategy for these clients? Is it possible these concepts of Rogerian therapy could hinder treatment?


Write your initial response in 4–5 paragraphs. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.



  Realistically I do not think that it is possible to be congruent and to be able to extend empathy as well as unconditional positive regard to these types of clients in a psychotherapeutic context.  I state this, because there needs to be trust and understanding between both the client and the counselor.  If the sex offender does not want or believe that he/she needs counseling, he/she is least likely to admit the need to be there, and display low regard to the counselor for making them sit through a session.  If we are dealing with a client that does not want the therapy of their own free will, they are not likely to express themselves at a normal level, and the contact will be impersonal, and the information superficial (Gazzola, 1997).  For an elderly client with dementia, he/she may want to be there, but without the ability to hold and maintain information from one session to another; how likely would they be in believing what their therapist is telling them?  They would not remember how they felt towards their therapist and if the trust was established or not.  Each session would be a work in progress in laying the ground work for trust.  The chance to reach a deeper understanding does not seem likely.  Then depending on how mentally challenged the child is how likely are they to hold a child’s attention?  Most “normal” children come across as having a difficult time in being patient.  If the mentally ill child does not want to viewed a specific way and the therapist thinks that there are showing the correct type of empathy; then the child could be offended.  The therapist could misinterpret what it is that the child is trying to tell them. 

            Since each client is different and no two cases are the same, it would depend on how far into their therapy sessions each client has received in their stages.  Saying that the trust was built between the counselor and the sex offender, it is best that the counselor try to think in the mind of the client.  How are they feeling?  In what ways would he/she react in a positive light to change a part of their situation?  The counselor wants to make sure to interpret the information correctly and therefore, if the client has expressed guilt in sexually assaulting a child, then they have an understanding and can work based on that guilt.  This would be the ground work for their sessions. 

            For the elderly patient with dementia it would help the therapist to be empathic toward his/her situation.  This would help the counselor ease the client’s discomfort and allow him/her to open up in each session.  The most important thing counselors have to remember, is to not judge and also not relay their feelings or emotions onto the client.  Studies have shown that when a client is comfortable in their surroundings, as well as with the therapist, that they are more likely to open up about their problems and work together to try and “solve the issue at hand (Smith, 1963). 

            For the mentally ill child, it would be useful to show congruence and be a real, genuine person.  This would show the child that you care about what he/she might be feeling and are being honest in their expressions (Feist, 2008).  At the same time, it would be useful to show unconditional positive regard toward the child, because this will help elicit “a warm and positive attitude toward the client” (Feist, 323).  This would also allow the relationship to grow, and allow for psychological growth to occur (Feist, 323). 

            It is possible that Rogerian Therapy could hinder treatment among clients, because no therapy is one hundred percent effective.  This is one of the reasons why we explore so many different methods of treatment for clients in school, because certain aspects of one treatment may work well together for a particular client, while another coupling of treatments might work best for another client.  It depends on the case by case basis, and I already mentioned before no two clients are going to experience a situation in the exact same way.  The world does not work that way, and everyone is unique.  There is no simple cookie cutter routine for every situation, and each theorist has their own ideas for how psychological growth can occur. 


In the cases all of these cases of sex offenders, dementia patients, and other mentally ill that are difficult to deal with it is entirely possible to have positive regard and empathy for them. To put on in one’s shoes is the concept of empathy, emotionally being able to relate. Being able to relate to a sex offender my be the most difficult, but according to roger’s the incongruence to one’s sense of self can lead these people to feel they must sex offend. That their stages of development as children was somehow distorted and the balance of their self and what the self is supposed to be is some how skewed. Therapist in the Rogeran theory would approach their therapy techniques with empathy and unconditional positive regard. What this means is that their emotional output is genuine and their positive regard for their health and

success is also organic. With someone who is not genuine in their approach will turn off a client with a quickness and the focus and work put forth to their mental health will be wasted because the client wont be able to feel they can truly convey their emotions and feeling s to the therapist.

I feel Rogerian therapy is very helpful for these patients because his approach to therapy is very down to earth, he sees patients as human being s that have genuine need for acceptance and recognition, and he sees them as people with potential and not just neurotic or psychotic. His approach speaks form a stand point that therapist have to be genuine in their practice and the patient has to feel that and then the client-patient relationship can develop and once that develops, the progress of the patient’s self-actualization can develop. Congruence in therapy include awareness, feeling, and expression when incongruence occurs, the awareness and feeling is stifled and the expression is hard to express for lack of positive regard and empathy from the counselor.

I feel the hindering of treatment would be from the lack of positive regard and empathy towards certain clients, like a sex offender or any other patient that can be difficult to handle. The difficulty can lead to personal bias, frustration, and annoyance. If someone is feeling empathy but not positive self regard in the sense that their feelings and motives aren’t genuine the client will feel that. If the relationship is rocky in anyway then the progress wont be there. If I personally had a sex offender as a client, from personal issues of my own, it would be difficult to have empathy for that patient. I would have to excuse myself from treatment and find another therapist to assist them.

Feist, J., & Feist, G. (2008). Theories of Personality , 7th Edition. [VitalSource Bookshelf version]. Retrieved from


PSY-470 Topic 3 DQ 1

Some people have argued that dissociative disorders (such as dissociative identity disorder) are not real, and that individuals displaying these symptoms are “faking it.”  What evidence might a clinician be able to gather to support one of these assertions?

Use in-text citations in complete 6th edition APA format.

Use the Internet to search an example of an enthymeme in the media (e.g., Internet, television, radio, newspapers, etc.). Next, explain the example you searched and identify the implied premise in the enthymeme example.

Use the Internet to search an example of an enthymeme in the media (e.g., Internet, television, radio, newspapers, etc.). Next, explain the example you searched and identify the implied premise in the enthymeme example.

Meaning-Making Forum #5

Week 8 provides an opportunity for you to consolidate the learning experience of others. Consider yourself as the Professor of Week 8. In a broad sense, the following questions will help you prompt classmates to think beyond PACO 500. What particular insight from the course has helped you experience a greater level of calm or peace? What resources are available to help you become a more resilient, trustworthy, and effective people-helper?

Meaning-Making Forum 5 (Week 8)

In this last subject matter conversation, solidify your learning experience with a convincing “So What?!” and, as a people-helper, discover “What’s Best Next?!” Thoughtfully develop responses to the following considerations. “So What?!”  With the following scenario in mind, can you provide a clear, convincing argument for a particular insight from the course?

Louise Smith, the first lady of racing, wisely said, “You can’t reach for anything new if your hands are still full of yesterday’s junk.” 

More than likely there are moments when yesterday’s junk still keeps you awake at night. 

What problem, perspective, paradigm, or perplexing people puzzle keeps you awake at night? In what way has the Holy Spirit used course materials to address a piece of junk? 

Organize your thoughts, proofread carefully and support your response with a good example and at least 1 citation from the readings. “What’s Best Next?!” Petersen (2015) intimated that people-helping could be “thera-noxious” (unhealthy, p. 251). Locate resources that may foster a therapeutic (healthy) paradigm in three areas: Self-Care? CLICK HERE for starters.  Safe and Secure Helping Relationship? CLICK HERE  for starters. Further Training?  CLICK HERE for starters.

This is your opportunity to consolidate the learning experience of others. Dig deep and dig up more helpful resources. Be concise and clear so that the most inattentive PACOneer can “get it and keep it” for future reference. Organize your thoughts, proofread carefully and support your response to each area with a good example and at least 1 citation.

TIPS: Carefully Follow Meaning-Making Forum Guidelines & Tips! Make sure to use headings (2) so that the most inattentive reader may easily follow your thoughts. Use the annotated outline approach. Bullets should have concise, complete, well-developed sentences or paragraphs. Foster a “noble-minded” climate for investigating claims through well-supported core assertions (i.e., consider the validation pattern of the Bereans; Acts 17:11).  Noticeably support assertions to facilitate further investigation and to avoid the appearance of plagiarism. Since you have the required materials (e.g., Masterpiece), abridge any related citations (Nichols, p. 12) and do not list the required source in a References’ section. Secondary sources must follow current APA guidelines for citations and References. Make every effort to prove that you care about the subject matter by proofreading to eliminate grammar and spelling distractions. Right Click on hyperlinks and Open in New Window

A substantive thread (at least 450 words)